Technician Class Series – Control

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Hello everybody and welcome back to week three of my Technician Class Series. This week we will be talking about Control. This section covers both control operators and control of your station. I have added a link on the menu bar up top to give you shortcuts to each section as I post them.

As always, the correct answers will be in bold. I also recommend that you only read the correct answers when studying for your test. If you do this, when you take your test and you see a question, there will be a better chance that the correct answer will jump out at you easier. Some say that this approach is kind of like cheating, but the way that I see it, you will always be learning something in this hobby and you don’t have to know everything there is to know about the hobby to get your license.

If you would like to purchase a copy of the Technician Class study book that this series is loosely based on, click on the link below.

Let’s jump right into the questions for this week, shall we?

 


 

T1E01 When is an amateur station permitted to transmit without a control operator?

A. When using automatic control, such as in the case of a repeater

B. When the station licensee is away and another licensed amateur is using the station

C. When the transmitting station is an auxiliary station

D. Never 

 

T1E02 Who may a station licensee designate to be the control operator of an amateur station?

A. Any U.S. citizen or registered alien

B. Any family member of the station licensee

C. Any person over the age of 18

D. Only a person for whom an amateur operator/primary station license grant appears in the FCC database or who is authorized for alien reciprocal operation

§97.7 Control operator required.

When transmitting, each amateur station must have a control operator. The control operator must be a person:

(a) For whom an amateur operator/primary station license grant appears on the ULS consolidated licensee database, or

 

T8B01 Who may be the control operator of a station communicating through an amateur satellite or space station?

A. Only an Amateur Extra Class operator

B. A General Class licensee or higher licensee who has a satellite operator certification

C. Only an Amateur Extra Class operator who is also an AMSAT member

D. Any amateur whose license privileges allow them to transmit on the satellite uplink frequency

 

Just like talking yourself on a frequency in the amateur radio spectrum. As long as you yourself can talk on that frequency, you can be a control operator for someone else to talk on them. Take Field Day for example, which at the time of this post just finished up a few weeks ago, ANYONE whether they have a license or not can talk on the radio as long as the license holder of the call sign they are using is legally able to talk on the frequency in use.

 

T1E03 Who must designate the station control operator?

A. The station licensee

B. The FCC

C. The frequency coordinator

D. The ITU

§97.103 Station licensee responsibilities.

(b) The station licensee must designate the station control operator. The FCC will presume that the station licensee is also the control operator, unless documentation to the contrary is in the station records.

As with anything else in life, a person is responsible for his/her own actions. So could someone else talk on your radio without your consent, sure. Would it be legal, no! It is just like someone driving your car. If you give person X permission to drive your car, then they can legally drive your car. If they steal it, then they don’t.

T1E07 When the control operator is not the station licensee, who is responsible for the proper operation of the station?

A. All licensed amateurs who are present at the operation

B. Only the station licensee

C. Only the control operator

D. The control operator and the station licensee are equally responsible

Let’s say that you have a good friend, maybe this friend even helped you to get into the hobby in the first place. One day, this friend comes over to your house and asked to use your HF radio. Being a good friend, you say “sure, go ahead”.  So your friends, goes into your shack, and fires up your radio. They tune it to a frequency that is outside of your privileges as a Technician Class operator and key up and start talking. So far, so good, as long as they use their own call sign instead of yours. So while they are talking they do something they shouldn’t, who is responsible. Well, the answer is both of you, unfortunately. They are responsible because they were the one talking; you are responsible because they were using your equipment.

 

T1E04 What determines the transmitting privileges of an amateur station?

A. The frequency authorized by the frequency coordinator

B. The class of operator license held by the station licensee

C. The highest class of operator license held by anyone on the premises

D. The class of operator license held by the control operator

Amateur radio, just like most things in life, the more you put into something, the more you get out of it. The higher your license class, the more privileges that you will have to use.  So, if you are the control operator of the station you are talking on, that is what will determine what privileges you have. If you are using someone else’s call sign and they are designated as the control operator, you will have the privileges of their license. This is what is used in field day events. Only one call sign will be used, personally I’d think someone with a General or above license class, and everyone else, whether they have a license or not, can talk anywhere that the license class of the call sign they are using can.

 

T1E12 When, under normal circumstances, may a Technician Class licensee be the control operator of a station operating in an exclusive Extra Class operator segment of the amateur bands?

A. At no time

B. When operating a special event station

C. As part of a multi-operator contest team

D. When using a club station whose trustee is an Extra Class operator licensee

§97.119 Station identification.

(e) When the operator license class held by the control operator exceeds that of the station licensee, an indicator consisting of the call sign assigned to the control operator’s station must be included after the call sign.

This is a big no-no! It doesn’t matter when or where you are, if you are the control operator of a station, you or anyone else that uses your call sign, can only operate where you are licensed to operate.

T1E05 What is an amateur station control point?

A. The location of the station’s transmitting antenna

B. The location of the station transmitting apparatus

C. The location at which the control operator function is performed

D. The mailing address of the station licensee

97.3 Definitions.

(a) The definitions of terms used in part 97 are:

(14) Control point. The location at which the control operator function is performed

 

T1E09 What type of control is being used when the control operator is at the control point?

A. Radio control

B. Unattended control

C. Automatic control

D. Local control

§97.109 Station control.

(b) When a station is being locally controlled, the control operator must be at the control point. Any station may be locally controlled.

This is one of those DUH questions I think…

Local(definition): pertaining to, characteristic of, or restricted to a particular place or particular places:

So if I, the control operator, were sitting at the control point, why in the world would I control the radio via radio? If I’m at the control point, I would be doing it manually, not automatically, and unless I’m not with myself, it wouldn’t be unattended, so…

 

T1E06 Under what type of control do APRS network digipeaters operate?

A. Automatic

B. Remote

C. Local

D. Manual

§97.109 Station control.

(d) When a station is being automatically controlled, the control operator need not be at the control point. Only stations specifically designated elsewhere in this part may be automatically controlled. Automatic control must cease upon notification by a District Director that the station is transmitting improperly or causing harmful interference to other stations. Automatic control must not be resumed without prior approval of the District Director.

 So, I guess APRS network digipeaters as “designated elsewhere in this part”. First off, what is APRS? APRS stands for Automatic Position Reporting System or unofficially I have heard some call it, Automatic Privacy Reduction System. APRS is normally used in conjunction with GPS where your position and other information is automatically transmitted at set intervals without human intervention, hence the answer being Automatic

 

T1E08 Which of the following is an example of automatic control?

A. Repeater operation

B. Controlling the station over the Internet

C. Using a computer or other device to automatically send CW

D. Using a computer or other device to automatically identify

§97.3 Definitions.

(a) The definitions of terms used in part 97 are:

(6) Automatic control. The use of devices and procedures for control of a station when it is transmitting so that compliance with the FCC Rules is achieved without the control operator being present at a control point.

 

§97.205 Repeater station.

(d) A repeater may be automatically controlled.

Ok, so all that Part 97 stuff being said, let’s go through the process of elimination. B, controlling via the internet; One question, are you pressing a button to transmit? Yes, therefore not automatic. C and D, are you at the control point? Both of these could possibly be the answer, because both C and D are used on Repeaters and repeaters are controlled by a “computer or other device”. However, the best answer is A, Repeater.

 

T1E10 Which of the following is an example of remote control as defined in Part 97?

A. Repeater operation

B. Operating the station over the Internet

C. Controlling a model aircraft, boat or car by amateur radio

D. All of these choices are correct

§97.3 Definitions.

(a) The definitions of terms used in part 97 are:

(39) Remote control. The use of a control operator who indirectly manipulates the operating adjustments in the station through a control link to achieve compliance with the FCC Rules.

This question is one of the questions that I always question, and here is why. If we eliminate, A, because we just talked about repeaters being automatic control, then we can also eliminate D because not all the choices are correct. That leaves B and C. To me, controlling a model plane, boat or car is remote control, hence the term remote-controlled car. However, the answer that the FCC wants here is B..

 

T1E11 Who does the FCC presume to be the control operator of an amateur station, unless documentation to the contrary is in the station records?

A. The station custodian

B. The third party participant

C. The person operating the station equipment

D. The station licensee

§97.103 Station licensee responsibilities.

(a) The station licensee is responsible for the proper operation of the station in accordance with the FCC Rules. When the control operator is a different amateur operator than the station licensee, both persons are equally responsible for proper operation of the station.

(b) The station licensee must designate the station control operator. The FCC will presume that the station licensee is also the control operator, unless documentation to the contrary is in the station records.

The question only calls for part (a) on this question according to the official question pool, but I threw in part (b) as well because it goes with the question a little better than (a) does I think. If someone is talking from a station but they don’t identify themselves, it is assumed that the person talking is who the station belongs to. Mainly because it is the owner of the equipment’s responsibility to make sure that it is not used without his/her permission.

T1D08 In which of the following circumstances may the control operator of an amateur station receive compensation for operating the station?

A. When engaging in communications on behalf of their employer

B. When the communication is incidental to classroom instruction at an educational institution

C. When re-broadcasting weather alerts during a RACES net

D. When notifying other amateur operators of the availability for sale or trade of apparatus

§97.113 Prohibited transmissions.

No amateur station shall transmit:

(3) Communications in which the station licensee or control operator has a pecuniary interest, including communications on behalf of an employer, with the following exceptions:

(iii) A control operator may accept compensation as an incident of a teaching position during periods of time when an amateur station is used by that teacher as a part of classroom instruction at an educational institution.

 

T1F10 Who is accountable should a repeater inadvertently retransmit communications that violate the FCC rules?

A. The control operator of the originating station

B. The control operator of the repeater

C. The owner of the repeater

D. Both the originating station and the repeater owner

§97.205 Repeater station.

(g) The control operator of a repeater that retransmits inadvertently communications that violate the rules in this part is not accountable for the violative communications.

As a trustee of two repeaters, there have been a couple times where I am glad that violations that are inadvertently retransmitted across the repeaters won’t come back to bite me. As an example of this, let’s say that you and a coworker are going to work and you are running late but your coworker is already there and says that he will let them know you are running late. So far, so good, still all legal. However, if you go on to ask him to have your secretary move the meeting back 30 minutes, now you have moved on to the illegal transmission because you just conducted business over the amateur band.


 

I hope that yall are finding this series of at least some interest. I know I have learned a couple of things that I either didn’t know or had forgotten and we are only on number three. If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below. Also, please subscribe to my blog, like me on Facebook and follow me on Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn. Until next time…

73 de Curtis, K5CLM

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