SB PROP @ ARL $ARLP045ARLP045 Propagation de K7RA
QST de W1AW
Propagation Forecast Bulletin 45 ARLP045
From Tad Cook, K7RA
Seattle, WA November 6, 2015
To all radio amateurs
SB PROP ARL ARLP045
ARLP045 Propagation de K7RA
Solar activity increased over last week, with the average dailyÂ sunspot number rising from 77.6 to 90.3, and average daily solarÂ flux from 110.9 to 118.3. These comparisons contrast October 29Â through November 4 with the previous seven days.Â A high speed solar wind caused aurora on November 3-4 and the highÂ planetary A index of 32 and 33 on those days.Â Predicted planetary A index is 8 on November 6, 25 on November 7-8,Â then 15 and 12 on November 9-10, 8 on November 11-12, then 12, 20,Â 5, 8 and 12 on November 13-17, 5 on November 18-21, then 10, 5, 8Â and 12 on November 22-25, and 10 on November 26-27. Planetary AÂ index then jumps to 50 and 40 on November 30 and December 1, whenÂ the same region causing aurora the past few days rotates back intoÂ view.
Predicted solar flux is 110 on November 6, 115 on November 7-8, 120Â on November 9-12, 105 and 110 on November 13-14, 115 on NovemberÂ 15-16, then 120, 115 and 110 on November 17-19, and 105 on NovemberÂ 20-24. Flux values dip below 100 on November 27 through December 8,Â reaching a low of 85 on November 30 through December 5.
F.K. Janda, OK1HH of the Czech Propagation Interest Group sent hisÂ geomagnetic forecast, and he expects the geomagnetic field to beÂ quiet to unsettled on November 6, active to disturbed November 7-8,Â quiet to active November 9, quiet to unsettled November 10, quiet toÂ active November 11, quiet on November 12, quiet to unsettledÂ November 13, quiet to active November 14, quiet on November 15,Â quiet to active November 16, quiet to unsettled November 17, mostlyÂ quiet November 18-19, quiet to unsettled November 20, mostly quietÂ November 21, quiet on November 22, quiet to unsettled November 23,Â mostly quiet November 24, quiet on November 25, quiet to active
November 26, quiet to unsettled November 27, mostly quiet NovemberÂ 28-29, active to disturbed November 30, and quiet to active DecemberÂ 1-2.Â OK1HH expects increases in solar wind on November 7-8, 10-11, 15,Â 18, and 29. There us a chance of increased solar wind, although lessÂ likely, on November 19-21 and 30.
The average daily sunspot number for October 2015 was 59.6, theÂ lowest since September 2013, when it was 55. February 2012 was evenÂ lower, at 50.1.
For our 3-month moving average of daily sunspot numbers, the highestÂ average for the current solar cycle was centered on February andÂ March 2014, when it was 146.4 and 148.2. The 3-month averagesÂ centered on December 2014 through September 2015 were 107.8, 98.2,Â 78.1, 68.2, 72.4, 77.7, 76.3, 69.1, 67.5 and 64.5. The SeptemberÂ number is the average of all daily sunspot numbers from August 1Â through October 31.
This weekend is ARRL CW Sweepstakes and the high geomagneticÂ activity expected for Saturday and Sunday could be a problem.Â Predicted planetary A index for November 7-8 is 25 on both days.Â At 2320 UTC on November 5, the Australian Space Forecast CentreÂ issued a geomagnetic disturbance warning: “The partial halo coronalÂ mass ejection associated with the 4 November M3.7 flare has anÂ Earth-directed component. It is likely to impact Earth late on UTÂ day Nov 06/2200 or thereabout. As a result, minor to majorÂ geomagnetic storms could occur on UT day 07 Nov depending on IMF BzÂ conditions.”
Here is info on the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Bz:
David Moore sent this article about the U.S. government plans forÂ dealing with problematic space weather:
David also sent this link to a high definition video of the Sun:
Robert Wood, W5AJ of Midland, Texas noted that sunspot 2443 is closeÂ to the Sun’s equator, and we both got to wondering what this meansÂ regarding the current sunspot cycle projection. I couldn’t remember.Â A check of butterfly diagrams shows us that early in a solar cycle,Â sunspots appear further north or south of the solar equator, andÂ gradually appear close to the equator as the cycle progresses:Â http://bit.ly/1SvnU0a
So this sunspot is probably typical of spots appearing after theÂ peak of the solar cycle.Â A sign that the solar cycle is transitioning to the next cycle isÂ when the magnetic signature of sunspots begins to change. In theÂ most recent magnetogram, we can see the north magnetic polarizationÂ as the white splotches, and south as black:Â http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/data/realtime/hmi_mag/512/
You can click that image to see it with higher resolution.Â This image is in real time, so by the time you see it in the future,Â the image may have changed significantly.Â Here is an article from nine years ago about sunspot polarization.
As the solar cycle transitions from one to the next, thatÂ polarization will change, with an increasing number of new cycleÂ spots gradually replacing the old. But don’t expect this until fiveÂ years from now.
Mike Treister, W9NY who operates from Chicago, Illinois and anotherÂ station on a sand dune in Dune Acres, Indiana at the southern tip ofÂ Lake Michigan filed this report:Â “I was very surprised at the excellent conditions on 10 and 15Â meters during the CQ WW SSB contest. From my QTH in Dune Acres,Â Indiana, 10 meters was chock full of activity most of the morningÂ with many European stations well over S9 all the way from 28.3 up toÂ 29 MHz. I stayed near the top and had no problem running stations.Â The band was really packed, just like the good ole days.Â “But the real surprise was 15 meters which remained open for nearlyÂ the entire day. While I had my TH7 pointed at Europe I was gettingÂ calls from Hawaii, Alaska, the Middle East, South America, etc. LateÂ in the afternoon, with my beam pointed toward Asia, I was runningÂ lots of strong Japanese stations, and also got calls from China,Â India, Indonesia, Siberia, the Philippines etc. etc. And while doingÂ this I was still getting calls from basically all over the world offÂ the sides and back of my beam. Heard some flutter echo suggestingÂ long path propagation at times.Â “Also, in the early morning hours, 40 meters was terrific.
“What an unexpected fun weekend!Â “Perhaps conditions are frequently good, like this, and there isÂ just very little activity!”Â Yes, I agree. And a big HF contest brings out the activity toÂ reveal propagation paths otherwise unheard.
If you would like to make a comment or have a tip for our readers,Â email the author at, firstname.lastname@example.org.
- For more information concerning radio propagation, see the ARRLÂ Technical Information Service web page atÂ http://arrl.org/propagation-of-rf-signals.
- For an explanation of theÂ numbers used in this bulletin, seeÂ http://arrl.org/the-sun-the-earth-the-ionosphere.
- An archive of pastÂ propagation bulletins is atÂ http://arrl.org/w1aw-bulletins-archive-propagation.
- More good information and tutorials on propagation are at http://k9la.us/.
- My own archives of the NOAA/USAF daily 45 day forecast for solarÂ flux and planetary A index are in downloadable spreadsheet format atÂ http://bit.ly/1VOqf9B and http://bit.ly/1DcpaC5 .Â Click on “Download this file” to download the archive, and ignoreÂ the security warning about file format. Pop-up blockers may suppressÂ the download.
- Monthly propagation charts between four USA regions and twelveÂ overseas locations are at http://arrl.org/propagation.
- Instructions for starting or ending email distribution of ARRLÂ bulletins are at http://arrl.org/bulletins.
Sunspot numbers for October 29 through November 4 were 101, 88, 73,Â 88, 94, 95, and 93, with a mean of 90.3. 10.7 cm flux Â as 112.9,Â 112.1, 118.5, 124.3, 122, 124.2, and 113.8, with a mean of 118.3.Â Estimated planetary A indices were 5, 9, 6, 11, 7, 32, and 33, withÂ a mean of 14.7. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 4, 6, 6, 9, 5,Â 23, and 31, with a mean of 12.
The above is a repost of the Solar Update from K7RA, sent via the W1AW email bulletins. Thanks for the information Tad!
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Until next time…
73 de Curtis, K5CLM
Creator and Owner of Everything Ham Radio
Owner of 2xC Products at 2xcproducts.com